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Estonia, Present/Alternative Name: Võivere

Endpoints of Simuna - Võivere baseline
The baseline Simuna-Võivere was situated in the fields of Avanduse and Võivere estates. The height difference between the endpoints of the baseline was 6.3 m and the length of baseline 4.5 km.

The baseline’s endpoint in Simuna is marked with a 1.90 m high granite monument in which the year of establishment 1849 is engraved.

The baseline’s endpoint in Võivere was considered destroyed, but in 2001 it was found during the GPS measurements. The monument consists of a limestone foundation of 204×204 cm on which there is a large round granite stone with a drill hole for the marker. In 2011 the Võivere endpoint was marked with a glass pyramid.


Local community of Väike-Maarja Parish together with the Estonian Land Board, owners of Võivere Windmill real estate (where the Võivere point is situated) and the Association of Estonian Surveyors have originated the series of events named “Walk on the Struve Arc”, main event being held at the end of the August, which includes walking from the baseline’s endpont in Simuna to the baseline’s endpoint in Võivere (about 5 km), following the seminar on topics related to the geodesy and astronomy.

There are no evidence of more remained Struve Geodetic Arc points in Estonia (except these inscribed in World Heritage list). However, local community wants to commemoriate the Struve’s work and has marked some Struve Geodetic Arc Points. For example, Struve Geodetic Arc point location in Arula is marked with wooden pyramid and information board. Struve Geodetic Arc point location in Hummuli is marked with information board. Struve Geodetic Arc point location in Varesmägi has still existing metal pyramid as a landmark. Struve Geodetic Arc point in Haljala church has marked with information board.

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